Federal and County trials

Mostly, federal trial procedures are the same with the county court trials. However, there are differences which are useful to know.

First of all, the defendant has not to prove the innocence, rather the prosecution must prove the guilt “beyond reasonable doubt”. The main difference is that if the defendant is found guilty in a federal trial, the government has no right to appeal. But if the defendant is found guilty, the punishment will be based on the points system. Taking into consideration the seriousness of the crime and other  circumstances of the case( amount of money involved, age of the offender, weapon used while the crime was committed, social stability of the perpetrator), it is decided whether the crime is state or federal.

And what about federal judges? They are appointed by the President of the USA and Congress. All federal judges must adhere to the strict federal sentencing guidelines. However, under specific circumstances based on the “points” system they may depart from it.

Federal judges are appointed by both the President of the United States and Congress who must strictly adhere to federal sentencing guidelines.

It is crucial to understand that if a person convicted of a federal crime, he or she will be sentenced to a federal prison with a higher level of security. Moreover, there is no parole in federal prison, however, and the convicted may get the early release only based on “good behavior”. Thus, one of the best possible outcomes for a person guilty of a federal crime is to be moved to a local prison where there is a possibility to be released even earlier and the level of security is lesser.